Contraception:
Abortion in Disguise

The threat to the health of women
and the life of the unborn child

By: Renee Wratkowski

The Untold Story

The term “contraceptive” is often misused. Many people do not realize that commonly used forms of “birth control” or “contraception” can cause an abortion early in a pregnancy.

The prefix contra means “against” and ception means “conception.” Because human life is a continuous process that begins at fertilization (when an egg and sperm join)1,2 a contraceptive should prevent conception or fertilization from taking place.

However, many so-called contraceptives do not prevent conception. Often they achieve their “contraceptive” effect by preventing newly-conceived human life (an embryo) from implanting in the womb when he or she is one week old. Without the nutrient-rich home of the mother’s womb, this tiny new life dies, and this is called an abortion.

Not only can “contraceptives” be deadly for unborn children, they also pose serious health threats to the women using these methods.

The average person is unaware of the way various birth control methods work, even though the medical effects are stated in the patient information provided with the drug or device. Below are some facts regarding the action of the birth control pill and other contraceptives.

The Pill

The birth control pill, or the Pill, is a drug consisting of artificial hormones. The Pill is taken orally, usually every day, to prevent or end a pregnancy. There are two types of birth control pills: the “combined pill” contains both estrogen and progestin; the “mini-pill” contains only progestin.

While the Pill is called an “oral contraceptive,” the actual prevention of pregnancy is only achieved in two of its three mechanisms, as noted in this excerpt from the Physicians’ Desk Reference:

“Although the primary mechanism of this action is inhibition of ovulation, other alterations include changes in the cervical mucus (which increase the difficulty of sperm entry into the uterus) and the endometrium (which may reduce the likelihood of implantation.”3

The Pill, therefore, prevents the birth of a baby in three ways. First, ovulation is inhibited by suppressing the part of the brain which signals for the egg to be released from the ovary. Second, the cervical mucus is thickened to make it more difficult for the sperm to pass through and fertilize an egg. Third, the lining of the uterus is changed, or thinned, so that new life cannot implant.

The first two actions are contraceptive in nature because sperm and egg never unite. But when the Pill fails to prevent ovulation, referred to as “breakthrough ovulation,” and a pregnancy results, the last method causes an abortion. “If the embryo dies, the remains are passed along in the next bleeding episode, which, incidentally, is not a true menstruation, even though it may be perceived as such.”4 Thus, the fetus is aborted.

Breakthrough ovulation occurs in 2% to 10% of the cycles of women using the combined Pill.5 Moreover, these figures do not take into account two important factors. First, many medicines such as antibiotics, and other health indicators (nutrition status, etc.) can reduce the Pill’s ability to suppress ovulation.6,7
Second, due to the Pill’s harmful side effects, the dosage of the contraceptive component of the Pill has been gradually lowered over the years. However, this allows the abortion-causing component to come into play more often. It is estimated that some forms of today’s Pill allow ovulation up to 50% of the time,8 resulting in more abortions.

In addition to the threat to life in the womb, the woman taking the Pill continues to face many serious side effects. The Pill has been proven to enable blood clotting defects such as heart attacks and strokes, high blood pressure, cancer risks (cervix, ovary, breast and liver), benign tumors of the liver, gallbladder disease and changes in vision. Also of concern are minor side effects such as nausea, vomiting, spotting or bleeding between periods, missed menstrual periods, breast tenderness, migraines, headaches, mental depression and weight gain. 9,10

Moreover, women with a history of diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heavy smoking, excessive weight and depression are at higher risk for all these side effects.11,12

Depo-Provera

Depo-Provera, or “the Shot” as it is called, is a long-acting synthetic hormone which is injected intramuscularly every three months. This drug has three mechanisms similar to the Pill: it attempts to block the release of an egg from the ovary; it changes the consistency of the cervical mucus; and it changes the lining of the uterus so that newly conceived life cannot attached and therefore dies.13

Thus, Depo-Provera has two mechanisms that are contraceptive and one that causes an early abortion. Research indicates a breakthrough ovulation rate of 40-60% of cycles for Depo-Provera users.14 This high rate forces frequent use of the abortion-causing mechanism in order for the Shot to be “effective.”

Research studies have shown Depo-Provera increases the risk of breast cancer at least 190% in women who used it more than two years before the age of 25.15 Other long-term side effects include severe fetal abnormalities if a woman becomes pregnant while taking the Shot, and increases risk of uterine cancer, osteoporosis, arthritis, blood clots and stroke. There is also a chance of pregnancy developing outside the uterus (ectopic pregnancy). Possible short-term side effects include irregular menstrual bleeding (breakthrough bleeding, spotting, or no bleeding at all), headache, depression, weight gain, dizziness and nausea.16

Also, Depo-Provera use causes a delay in fertility after treatment has ended. Women are usually unable to become pregnant six months to two years after they stop taking the Shot. Lastly, if side effects do occur, they can last three months even if only one shot was taken.17

Implants

Norplant is a synthetic hormone encased in five or six flexible closed capsules, or rods, which are surgically implanted beneath the skin. A small amount of the hormone is released constantly and acts up to five years. It works to prevent ovulation and fertilization, but also hinders new life from implanting in the womb when the first two mechanisms fail.18

Studies indicate that breakthrough ovulation occurs in 50-65% of cycles.19 In addition, other studies have shown that sperm migrate easily, even with high doses of synthetic progestin. This, coupled with the high frequency of breakthrough ovulation, suggest that progestin-based products such as Norplant and Depo-Provera allow a high rate of fertilization and subsequent abortion, possibly even greater than birth control pills.20

Norplant’s side effects include irregular menstrual bleeding (prolonged, frequent, spotting or no bleeding at all), headaches, nervousness, anxiety, depression, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, acne, weight gain, loss of appetite and hair loss. An ectopic pregnancy may develop. There may also be pain or itching near the implant site.21

Norplant was removed from the U.S. market in 2000 facing questions about the drug dosage of certain lots.22 A more likely reason may have been the growing number of lawsuits against its manufacturer due to infection and difficulty removing the implants.23 A new progestin-based product, Implanon, was approved in 2006 and the side effects are similar to its predecessor, Norplant.24

The IUD

The Intrauterine Device (IUD) is a plastic device inserted in the uterus of a woman for birth control purposes. It is often combined with active chemicals such as progesterone or copper. While the manufacturers suggest that the IUD prevents fertilization and that the copper in the IUD kills sperm, there is no evidence to support either hypothesis.25

The IUD does not prevent ovulation. Moreover, it does little or nothing to interfere with sperm migration or fertilization (conception). “It is thought to work by keeping a fertilized egg [sic] from attaching itself to the uterus.”26 This is accomplished mainly by irritating and inflaming the lining of the uterus, thus preventing the newly conceived human life from successfully implanting in the lining of the womb. The IUD, then, is not a contraceptive at all. It acts solely to cause early abortion.

The IUD can be a cause of serious complications which include hemorrhage, pelvic infection, tubal pregnancy and perforation of the uterus. These may produce sterility.27

The Morning-After Pill

Approved in 2006 for dispensing without a prescription to women over age 18, this method is dubbed "emergency birth control" because it is taken up to 72 hours after intercourse with a second dose taken 12 hours later. The active ingredients are the same as the Pill, except in higher doses. There are two types of morning-after pills; the first has only one hormone, progestin (referred to as Plan B), and the other includes both progestin and estrogen.28 Plan B inhibits ovulation and prevents the newly conceived life from implanting and surviving in the womb should fertilization take place.29

Side effects may include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, fatigue, headache, menstrual changes, dizziness, breast tenderness, diarrhea, as well as a risk of ectopic pregnancy.29

RU-486 The Abortion Pill

Also know as Mifepristone, this drug enables chemical abortion up to the later stages of pregnancy.30 In addition to ending human life, the abortion pill is harmful to women as well. Many of the adverse side effects of the drug were judged to be sever, and several deaths have been attributed to it.31 Despite the horrific list of problems, RU-486 is still on the market.

The Truth Must Be Told

Disguising these methods by calling them "contraceptives" is a grave deception. An abortion-causing mechanism is present in all these methods. Whenever there is a break-through ovulation, and sperm and egg unite, many unsuspecting women are causing their newly-conceived child to be aborted before they even know they are pregnant. Sadly, manufacturers continue to boldly introduce abortion-causing drugs, available without doctor consultation.

Dr. Bogomir Kuhar, a pharmacist concerned about the plague of chemical abortion, has evaluated all forms of induced abortion, – the Pill, Depo-Provera, Norplant, IUD's and surgical – and estimated that when combined, as many as 14.3 million pregnancies are terminated each year in the United States alone.32 This is a ghastly figure when compared to the sole 1.2 million surgical abortions usually reported as the abortion statistic.33

Fortunately, an alternative is available. As Dr. Rudolph Ehmann, head physician of OB/GYN at Swiss hospital stated, "The only course which will do justice to the complete human being in a dignified manner is, in my experience, Natural Family Planning."34

Couples need to know some methods of birth control can be harmful to their health and deadly to their unborn children. They also have the right to know there is a safe, healthy and effective alternative available.

To learn more about Natural Family Planning contact the Couple to Couple League, Intl., or Twin Cities Natural Family Planning.

 

Endnotes:

1. Lennart Nilsson, et. all A Child is Born (New York, NY: Delacorte Press/Seymour Lawrence, 1977), p. 13. 2. "The Drama of Fetal Development." American Baby (January 1989), p. 45. 3. Physicians' Desk Reference, 62nd Ed., (Montvale, NJ: Thomson PDR, 2008), p. 2402. 4. Couple to Couple League, "The Pill: How Does It Work? Is it Safe?," (Cincinatti, OH: Couple to Couple League, Intl., Inc. 1993), p. 4. 5. CCL: The Pill, pp. 2-4. 6. Dr. Bogomir M. Kuhar, Infant Homicides Through Contraceptives, 2nd Ed., (Bardstown, KY: Eternal Life, 1995), pp.1-2. 7. Physicians' Desk Reference, 2008, p. 2405. 8. Dr. David Stearns, et. all., The Birth Control Game: Gambling With Life, (Stafford, VA: American Life League/Pharmacists for Life, 1990), p. 2. 9. Physician's Desk Reference, 2008, pp. 2403-2405. 10. Sharon Snider, "The Pill: Thirty Years of Safety Concerns," FDA Consumer, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Reprinted from December 1990. DHHS Publication No. (FDA) 92-3193, p. 4. 11. Physicians' Desk Reference, 2008, pp. 2614-2615. 17. Dori Stehlin, "Depo-Provera: The Quarterly Contraceptive," FDA Consumer, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Reprinted from March 1993. DHHS Publication No. (FDA) 93-3206, p. 2. 18. "Facts About Birth Control," (New York, NY: Planned Parenthood Federation of America, Inc., 1992), p. 6. 19. Kuhar, pp. 14, 29. 20. Kahlenborn, p. 18. 21. Physicians' Desk Reference, 1997, p. 2870. 22. MayoClinic.com. 12 may 2008. Birth Control: Implant. 25 January 2008. <http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/birth-control/BI99999/PAGE=BI00056>. 23. Judie Brown and Dr. Kristine M. Severyn, "What is Norplant?," (Stafford, VA: American Life League, Inc., 1992 revised in 1996), p. 3. 24. OrganonUSAInc. July 2006. Implanon (et onogestrel implant) Physician Insert. 5 May 2008. <http://www.implanon-usa.com/authfiles/images/543_174821.pdf>. 25. Physicians' Desk Reference, 2008, p. 1051. 26. "Contraceptive Methods: Preventing an Unplanned Pregnancy," (Minneapolis, MN: Minnesota Department of Health Library Services, 1989). Pamphlet No. X-21. 27. Physicians' Desk Reference, 2008, pp. 1055-1056. 28. Dr. Sandhya Pruthi, Morning-after Pill: Emergency Birth Control. 28 August 2006. MayoClinic.com. 19 October 2007. <http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/morning-after-pill/AN00592> 29. Tim Drake, "Bush Bakes Abortion Pill; FDA Follows," North Haven, CT: Circle Media, national Catholic Register, September 3-9, 2006. 30. Duramed Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Manufacturer's Product Information, August 2006. Plan B (Levonorgestrel Tablets, 0.75 mg. 5 May 2008. <http://www.go2planb.com/PDF/PlanBPl.pdf>. 31. Dr. Rudolph Ehmann, "Consequences of Contraception and Abortifacient Birth Control," ed, Fr. Paul Marx, O.S.B., Ph.D. and Fr. Matthew Habiger, O.S.B., Ph.D., (Gaithersburg, MD, Human Life International, no date). 32. RU486F acts.org, Medical Information about RU-486 (Mifepristone). 10 May 2008 <http://www.ru486facts.org/index.cfm?page=sideeffects>. 33.Kuhar, p. 15. 34. Kuhar, p. 29. 35. Ehmann.

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